The Articles of
Write the word Articles if the item is found in the Articles of Confederation. If the Constitution is described, write Constitution.
_Constitution_: Bicameral, called Congress, divided into the House of Representatives and the Senate.
__ Articles __: Unicameral, called Congress.
2) Members of Congress
__ Articles __: Between two and seven members per state.
_Constitution_: Two Senators per state, Representatives apportioned according to population of each state.
3) Voting in Congress
_Constitution_: One vote per Representative or Senator.
__ Articles __: One vote per state.
4) Appointment of members
__ Articles __: All appointed by state legislatures, in the manner each legislature directed.
_Constitution_: Representatives elected by popular vote, Senators appointed by state legislatures.
5) Term of legislative office
_Constitution_: Two years for Representatives, six for Senators.
__ Articles __: One year.
6) Congressional Pay
_Constitution_: Paid by the federal government.
__ Articles __: Paid by states.
7) Chair of legislature
_Constitution_: Speaker of the House of Representatives, Vice President is President of the Senate.
__ Articles __: President of Congress.
8) Executive: __ Articles __: None _Constitution_: President
9) National Judiciary
__ Articles __: Maritime judiciary established.
_Constitution_: Federal judiciary established, including Supreme Court.
10) Who settles disputes between states?
_Constitution_: Supreme Court.
__ Articles __: Congress.
11) New States
__ Articles __: Admitted upon agreement of nine states (special exemption provided for Canada).
_Constitution_: Admitted upon agreement of Congress.
__ Articles __: When agreed upon by all states.
_Constitution_: When agreed upon by three-fourths of all states.
13) Armed forces
__ Articles __: Congress authorized to build a navy; states authorized to equip warships; to counter piracy; Congress to decide on size of force and to requisition troops from each state according to population.
_Constitution_: Congress authorized to build a navy; states not allowed to keep ships of war; Congress authorized to raise and support armies.
14 Power to coin money and Taxation
__ Articles __: United States and the states; taxes apportioned by Congress, collected by the states.
_Constitution_: United States only; taxes laid and collected by Congress.
__ Articles __: Unanimous consent required.
_Constitution_: Consent of nine states required.
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