Filmstrip Worksheet: After World War II
5. Many international disputes have developed because of rivalries between the Soviet Union and the United States. For more than 35 years, this rivalry, which is known as the _________ __________, has been the greatest influence on America's relations with other countries.
12. As Europe struggled to rebuild after World War II, Truman worried that the Soviet Union might try to overthrow governments that were friendly to America. To prevent this, the United States provided billions of dollars to governments that opposed _____________________________.
13. In 1948, the Soviet Union blocked all land routes into West Berlin, which lies inside Communist East Germany. The United States responded by sending planes loaded with food and other supplies to West Berlin, where a democratic government was to be established. The flights, known as the ___________ ____________, defeated Soviet attempts to take control of West Berlin.
14. Over the years, the United States also formed military alliances with friendly nations. The _________________ Alliance was formed in 1949 to contain Communist expansion in Europe.
20. After World War II, Korea had been divided. A Communist government controlled the North, and a government friendly to the United States ruled South Korea. In 1950, North Korean soldiers attacked South Korea in an effort to unite the country under Communist control. A _____________ ______________ force was sent to defend the South Koreans.
23. Throughout much of the 1950s, president _____________ ___________________
led the United States. Premier Nikita Khrushchev governed the Soviet Union.
The two men often tried to ease Cold War tensions.
28. Another dangerous issue in the Middle East has been the conflict between Israel and surrounding Arab lands. During World War II, German leaders had ordered the murder of millions of Jewish people. In 1948, Israel was established as a _____________________ for the Jewish survivors of the war and for Jews from all over the world.
31. In 1978, President Jimmy Carter helped negotiate a settlement between Egyptian President Anwar Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Menachim Begin. Despite hopes that this agreement would establish a foundation for peace, the Middle East remains a place of dangerous ________________.
34. In 1961, the American military helped train Cubans who wished to overthrow the Communists. With American backing, the rebels launched a raid that ended in failure and greatly embarrassed the US. The situation worsened the next year when Soviet premier Nikita Khrushchev supplied Cuba with ________________ ________________.
35. President John F. Kennedy made a televised speech demanding that the Soviet Union remove the dangerous weapons. He also ordered the Navy to block further military shipments to Cuba. Many people feared that the dispute would lead to ____________ ___________.
40. Of all the Cold War battlegrounds, none would prove bloodier than _______________, near China. Long ago Vietnam was a single country. But by the early the 1960s, it had been divided, and the North and South were at War. Communists controlled North Vietnam. Eager to prevent the spread of Communism in Asia, the United States supported...
41. ______________ _____________________ leader Ngo Dinh Diem.
42. Some people began to protest the American involvement in the war. In the 1960s...
43. antiwar demonstrations occurred throughout America. Opponents of the war claimed that America was using its might to uphold an unjust government. Partly in response to growing public outcry, American leaders began to negotiate an end to the war. The two sides reached an agreement in __________. Two years later, Communists took control of ______________
46. President and Mrs. Richard M. Nixon made a goodwill tour of the People's Republic of China in 1972. For many years, America had avoided relations with China. But Nixon's visit indicated America's renewed determination to ____________________ with international rivals.