Chapter 21 Vocabulary: Foreign Policy
Chap. 21 Voc.

1. Foreign policy- The plan that our nation works out for dealing with other nations.

2. Foreign relations- The way in which policy is carried out and its success and how it affects foreign relation. It means how the government gets along with other nations.

3. Military powers of the president- As the commander and chief of the armed forces of the United States, the president make recommendations to congress concerning the size of the military and the kind of weapons we need.

4)Treaty-making powers of the president-written agreements, or treaties with nations are an important part of our foreign relations.
5.Peace Treaties - Agreements to end wars. An example is the Camp David Accords that established peace between Israel and Egypt after the 1973 Yom Kippur War.
6. Alliance Treaties - Agreements in which nations promise to help defend each 
other in case of attack.

7. Commercial (Trade) Treaties - Agreements by two or more nations to trade with each other on favorable terms.

8. Executive Agreement - Pres. of the U.S. and the leader of a foreign governments may meet and come to a mutual understanding.

9. Ambassadors - representatives of the United States in foreign countries.

10. Diplomatic recognition-the president may decide whether to recognize 
the government of a foreign nations.

11. Secretary of State-advises the Presidents and Supervises the activities of 
American Ambassadors

12.Ministers-official sent to small country to represent the United States 

13. Consul-official who works to promote American trade in a foreign country and who helps Americans who do business there.

14.Diplomatic corps-ambassadors and other representatives serving in foreign nations.

15.couriers-special government messengers

16.department of defense- The executive department that controls the military including the army, navy and air force. It's headquartered at the Pentagon.

17. Joint chief of staff - group of highest-ranking officers from the Amy, 
Navy, and Air force that advise the president on military affairs.

18. Central Intelligence Agency - Government agency that gathers and 
studies information about foreign nations.

19. National Security Council - top advisers to the president on matters 
concerning defense and foreign policy
20. United States Information Agency - government agency that informs 
the world about the Americans ways of life.

21.) Arms Control & Disarmament Agency - agency that seeks to control 
weapons-building race.

22.) Agency for International Development - government agency that provides 
technical and financial assistance to developing nations.

23.) Personal Diplomacy - process by which the president meets with foreign leaders and ambassadors.

24.) Summit - meeting between the United States president and the heads of other nations.

25.Shuttle Diplomacy- peace seeking method characterized by a diplomat
flying back and forth between nations. 

26. North Atlantic Treaty Organization- alliance of 16 nations pledge to defend one an other against aggression in Europe and the middle east. 

27.ANZUS-alliance of Australia, New Zealand, and the U.S. 

28.Organization of American States-mutual defense alliance made of the United States and most of the nations of Latin America. 

29. Foreign Aid- Government program of economic and military assistance to other nations

30. Marshall Plan- Massive program of United States aid to postwar Europe

31. Peace Corps-Volunteers who get sent to foreign countries to help teach needed skills.

32. Protective Tariffs- Tax given on goods to protect from foreign competition.

33.General agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) -This agreement helps encourages free trade barriers.

34.Exports-Good or services sold to other countries.

35.Imports-Good or services purchased from another countries

36.Balance and trade-In recent years, the united states has suffered serious trade deficits. The deficit exists when America buys more more than it sells.

 37.Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)-  Organization of major exporting oil countries that set the prices for the worlds oil supplies.

38 United Nations-  Organization that was formed to promote peace and cooperation among nations.

39. General Assembly-  A division of the United Nations in which every member has a vote.


40. Security Council-  A United Nations body , made up of 5 permanent members that deal with the major issues that affect  world peace.

41. International court of justice-Court that settles disputes involving international law.
42. Economic and social council-Division that studies economic and social issues.
43. Trusteeship Council-Division of UN that supervises former colonies and helps them prepare for self government.
44. Secretary General-division of  UN that handles day to day activities.

45.) Secretariat- Chief executive of the United States, elected by the general assembly for a five year term.

46.) UNICEF-set up to help care for sick and hungry children throughout the world.

47.)World Health Organization (WHO)- is fighting a worldwide battle against disease.

48. Food & agriculture organization- Helps nations grow more and better food for member nations.

49. United nations educational scientific and cultural organization- 
Extends educational opportunities every were in the world.

50. World bank- Makes loans and gives technical advice to help nations.