Study Guide

Chapter 4:  The Conquest of the Americas


Cause and effect means that one event or situation helped bring about another event or situation. In the chart below, place the cause with the correct effect.


Page Number

Cause (This event happened:

…and as a result…) Effect

94, Column 1

The Spanish wanted to win converts, to gain gold, and to bring glory to Spain.

They carved out an empire in the Americas.

95, Column 1

The Aztecs believed that a white-skinned god would come from the east.

At first the Aztecs welcomed Cortes and gave him gifts instead of fighting him and his soldiers.

96, Column 2

Smallpox had killed thousands of the Incas.

Pizarro subdued the Incas fairly easily.

97, Column 1

After the Spanish conquered Mexico and Peru, they wanted more riches.

They sent entradas into the borderlands.

97, Column 2

Ponce de Leon wanted to find gold and the fountain of youth.

The Spaniard explored Florida.

99, Column 1 and 2

Coronado hoped to find the Seven Cities of Gold

The Spanish explorer wandered throughout the southwest and as far North as Kansas.

99 Column 2

Cabrillo led an entrada northward as far as what is now southern Oregon.

Spain gained claim to 1,200 miles of Pacific coastline.


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