The Holocaust: A Webquest

All of the questions below start at the Table of Contents page of the US Holocaust Memorial
Museum's education outreach page. You can also navigate the site by clicking the links in the
header at the top of the page or by following the links at the bottom.

You can check your answers here.


Nazi Rule: Hitler Comes to Power

1) What was the name of the weak government of Germany created after World War I?

___________________________________________________________________

2) To which levels or members of German society did the Nazi Party of Adolph Hitler appeal?

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The Nazi Terror Begins

3) The USHMM website states that tens of thousands of young, unemployed German men
were "lured by the wages, a feeling of comradeship, and the striking uniforms," to join
which organization within the Nazi Party? Give both the English and German terms.
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

4) What did these "auxiliary policemen" do to those who opposed the Nazi regime?
___________________________________________________________________
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The SS Police State

5) What was the name of the Protective Squad that began as a special guard for Adolph
 Hitler and other party leaders? Describe their role in the affairs of the Nazi Party.
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

Nazi Racism

6) What was Hitler's term for the "master race?" Describe this type of person.
___________________________________________________________________
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7) Other than Jews, what types of German citizens were victims of Nazi racial ideology?
___________________________________________________________________
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Anti-Semitism

8) Define anti-Semitism. How far does it go back? What does the term pogrom mean?
In what other nations were Jews treated as scapegoats?
__________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________
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The Jews In Germany

9) How many Jews lived in Germany at the time of the 1933 census? How many of these
Jews were German citizens?  How were the remaining German Jews classified?
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________

The Nuremberg Laws

10) How did the Nuremberg Laws of 1935 classify people in Germany as Jewish (by what
standard did the government judge if a person was Jewish)?
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________

11) How did the Nazi government identify Jews within the society of Germans in general?
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________

See this artifact for a visual of the answer above: http://www.ushmm.org/outreach/03098.htm

Artifact about the Jews in Germany: http://www.ushmm.org/outreach/90256-1.htm

12) View the artifact found by way of the link above. Describe the artifact. What does it say?
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________

Boycott of Jewish Businesses

13) How did the Storm Troopers carry out the boycott of Jewish businesses on April 1, 1933.
Even though the boycott was not very successful, tell why it was important.
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________

German Occupied Europe


14) Which European nation was treated the harshest under German rule? Give two examples
of the type of rule Germany placed on that nation. Which nation was treated the easiest?
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________

The Night of Broken Glass

15) Tell what happened on the night of November 9, 1938. What is the German name for
this event? What caused the violence?
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________

The Evian Conference

16) Who called the Evian Conference? When was it called and for what purpose did it
meet? _____________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________

17) List one reason why efforts to allow more refugees into the US failed before World
War II. ____________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________

Map: Jewish Emigration from Germany: 1933

18) Looking at the map, which country accepted the most Jews during this period?
How many Jews escaped to Palestine? To Shanghai?
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________

The Final Solution

19) What was the goal of the "final solution?" What is the definition of the term
"genocide?" ________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________

20) Describe the two major stages of the Nazi plan to carry out the "final solution."
How many Jews were gassed in extermination camps?
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________

21) What were the einsatzgruppen? What methods did they use most often to carry out
their activities? in what nation did they operate
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________

Ghettos

22) In what city was the largest of the Jewish "residential quarters" found? How many
ghettos existed in all of the occupied territories?
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________

The Warsaw Ghetto Uprising

23) Describe the events of April 19, 1943 in the Warsaw Ghetto. How did the uprising
come to an end? What happened to the Jews of the Warsaw ghetto?
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________

The Wannsee Conference

24) What was the purpose of the Wannsee Conference?
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________

Auschwitz

25) How many people died at Auschwitz? What percentage of them were Jewish?
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________

26) What was the goal of some of the medical experiments carried out by SS doctor Josef
Mengele? __________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________

Killing Centers

27) What was the most common methods that Nazis committed mass murder at the killing centers?
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________

Map: http://www.ushmm.org/outreach/pol72090.htm

28) Use the map to list the major killing centers and extermination camps in Poland
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________

Liberation

29) For each of the Allied army groups below, identify which killing center(s) was liberated
by each:

Soviet Forces: ____________________________________________________
American Forces: __________________________________________________
British Forces: _____________________________________________________

30) Why did about half of the concentration camp inmates die within a few weeks of
liberation?  _________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________

The Survivors

31) What led Great Britain to change its mind about establishing a Jewish homeland in its
territory of Palestine? __________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________

32) What nation was formed from the division of Jewish and Arab territory in Palestine?
When did it achieve independence?
_________________________________________________________________

The Nuremberg Trials

33) How many Nazi leaders were put on trial in Nuremberg? How many were sentenced
to death?  __________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________

35) Who found Adolph Eichmann? What was he convicted of and what was his sentence?
__________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________

To Introduction

 


 

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