Answers: Matching Activity
The Origins of American Government

__O__1) System in which the law applies to government officials as much as to ordinary citizens and public officials must make decisions based on the law not on personal opinions or wishes.

__N__2) Demand by Parliament in 1628 that King Charles agree to further limitations on the monarchy. For example, the king could not put citizens in jail without just cause or impose taxes without the approval of the House of Commons.

__C__3) Document in which Queen Mary II and King William III recognized certain basic rights such as the right of British subjects to petition the monarch to answer their grievances and the right of British subjects to be protected from excessive bail and from cruel and unusual punishment.

__D__4) A body of law based on custom tradition, and post judicial decisions rather than on specific laws and statutes.

__K__5) A series of 85 essays written by Hamilton, Madison, and John Jay defending the Constitution.  It was used to persuade New Yorkers to ratify the Constitution.

__E__6) The agreement in which New England settlers established their own government in 1620. The signers agreed to live under a government that would make "just and equal laws... for the good of the colony."

__L__7) A proposal of government designed by William Patterson which favored an unicameral legislature and a plural executive branch.

__B__8) A plan providing for a bicameral legislature in which the people would be represented in the House of Representatives and the states in the senate.

__H__9) Britain's "hands-off" policy toward the American colonies' internal affairs in order to increase the colonies' productivity and value.

__A__10) Ben Franklin's plan in 1754 to unite the colonies under a confederation to levy taxes, regulate Indian affairs, and establish an army and navy.  This was a result of the French and Indian War.

__F__11) This document's preamble is an explanation of why it was written and a statement of the basic principles on which is was based.  The middle part consists of a detailed list of grievances against King George the III.  These were intended to show exactly how the British government had violated basic rights that the colonists possessed.  The final part explains the colonists' efforts to achieve a peaceful settlement, the British government stubbornness, and the Americans resolve to be free.

__G__12)  This group opposed the new federal system of government represented by the Constitution, led by Patrick Henry, Samuel Adams, and John Hancock.

A) Albany Plan of Union

B) Virginia Plan

C) The English Bill of Rights

D) Common Law

E) Mayflower Compact

F) The Declaration of Independence

G) Anti-Federalists

H) Salutary Neglect

I) The Great Compromise

J)  Second Continental Congress

K) The Federalist Papers  

L)  New Jersey Plan

M) Federalists

N) Petition of Right

O) Rule by law

__M__13) Those who favored the creation of the new federal government. They include Washington, Hamilton, and James Madison, who actually wrote the Constitution.

__I__14) A plan that involved 3 separate branches of government, legislative, executive, judicial. Also with a  bicameral legislature and national legislature would have authority to cancel conflicting state laws and make the states comply with national laws (favoring national laws).

__J__15) This congress met in Philadelphia three weeks after the battle of Lexington and Concord. John Hancock was elected the President of the Continental Congress. The decisions and policies were carried out by executive committees. "The congress was forced to take on the powers of a government and organize the colony's defense."


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