July 4 1776, our people declared freedom from England and King George III.
The fifty-six members of the second continental congress has been meeting
in Philadelphia, and voted on and passed the Declaration of Independence.
There were five members of Congress on the committee write the Declaration.
John Adams, Roger Sherman, Benjamin Franklin, Robert Livingston, and Thomas
Jefferson, the one who wrote the Declaration.
The Declaration has four main parts. The first part
is the Preamble, a sort of introduction. It tells the world why the Continental
Congress appointed Jefferson to write the document. In the Preamble he states:
all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights, that among these are life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness. That to secure these rights, governments are instituted among men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed.
The third part is a long list of grievances
that provides the rationale
for our rebellion.
Death to Monarchy!
Celebrate American Independence!
Jefferson, He is the delegate of the second Continental Congress who wrote
the Declaration of Independence. This document was
appointed on the floor of Congress. It
was wholly the work of Thomas Jefferson, except
for minor changes by John Adams and Benjamin
Franklin and other delegates. Jefferson
was a graduate from the College of William
and Mary. He studied law under
Wythe. After that he was a leader in
the Colonial House of Burgesses from the year 1769 until the year 1775.
He was apart of forming and became a member of, the Virginia Committee
of Correspondence. In his paper A Summary View of the Rights of
British American prepared the First Virginia Convention. He brilliantly
expounded the view that England had no authority in the colonies and that
the only bond with England was that of voluntary allegiance to the king.
Jefferson now lives in Goochland, Va. He is a delegate to the Second Continental
Try this quiz on the Declaration of Independence!
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