The C & O Canal
Image: C & O Canal
  Image from C & O Canal. Picture of the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal waterway.
The C & O Canal was a waterway planned to connect the Potomac and Ohio rivers. Construction on the canal began in 1828, with generous financial banking from towns along the Potomac River and Chesapeake Bay. This helped to establish a trade route to Ohio River settlements. The waterway began above the falls of the Potomac river at Georgetown. When construction was halted by the depression on 1937, the canal extended only 100 miles westward. Half-hearted building efforts continued until 1850. The canal was used until 1924 as far as Cumberland, MD; were construction ended. At the completion of the canal, the final cost was $11 million. The Chesapeake and Ohio canal was 184 miles long and 60 feet wide, it averaged 6 feet deep.  

The historic park lies between Washington, DC and Cumberland, MD, with a small section in West Virginia. It was officially established in 1961, and includes one of the oldest U.S. lock canals for mule-drawn boats. Completed in 1850, the canal was used up to 1924.


More information on the C & O Canal can be located at the following links:

From The National Park Service:
The Chesapeake & Ohio National Historical Park
Canal Restoration   National Scenic Trail Homepage
Kathy Bilton's Canal Page A Must!
To The Interactive Atlas of Western Maryland 
Front Page
To The Region 1 Page
To The NHHS Website Directory
To The NHHS Main Page