first amendment is the most important of the bill of rights. There
are five different, yet very important parts to this amendment: Freedom
of Speech, Freedom of Religion, Freedom of Press, Freedom of Expression,
and Freedom of Assembly. Today, courts and citizens must consider
many challenging first amendment issues.
Cases for Freedom of Religion:
Freedom of Religion enters
into discussions of school prayer, tax credits for church properties, and
the right of parents to make choices about their children's education in
public or church schools.
vs. Board of Education (1947)
Engel vs. Vitale (1962)
Cases for Freedom of Speech:
of Speech also plays a major role in our constitution. This right
is what gives us the right to speak our minds about anything without using
violence, or vulgar language.
of the Press
Court Cases for Freedom of Press:
This section gives the right to
print ideas so that people can reach others. It also keeps the citizens
aware of the governments actions. Without this right the public would
have to rely on other sources to keep them informed of the action taken
not only by the national government, but local government as well.
Near vs. Minnesota (1931)
Freedom of Assembly
Cases for Freedom of Assembly:
freedom gives the right that citizens can hold meetings and form and join
associations to keep the government aware of all actions. Also, it
give citizens the right to meet and discuss what problems they may have
as long as it is in a peaceful manor.
NAACP vs. Alabama
freedom gives you the right to to contact your government representative
and ask them to work for the passage of laws. You can also have them
to change laws you do not like. This also lets the government know
what the citizens think and how to improve those who are unsatisfied.
The second amendment involves the question of who can bear Arms? It simply
states that the states have the right to a militia i.e. National Guard is
guaranteed. The right of citizens to keep weapons to resist any harm
is also protected.
purpose of this amendment is that while soldiers were at war and they needed
a place to stay, they had the right given to them by the government to
stay at any citizens house they wanted to for shelter. After the war, many
questions were asked about why these soldiers were allowed to stay in the
citizens homes. There is no future to this because of the Treaty of Peace
put an end to quartering soldiers.
In this amendment the Supreme Court has the power of judicial review. The
Supreme Court can review laws passed by the legislatures and decide whether
or not the law is constitutional or unconstitutional.
Amendment is one of the more most well-known in the Bill of Rights. It
protects people against self-incrimination, and from potential excess of
law enforcement. This entitles people to a hearing before a grand jury.
Also, it provides first principles for criminal legal procedure involving
Americans; known as "Miranda rights."
gives important rights to persons (before trial), accused of a crime, there
are barriers between citizens and government. An example of such would
be trial by jury.
This Amendment protects
the rights of citizens in civil cases; guarantees right to a trial by jury,
which every person has access to civil courts to settle cases.
This amendment simply states that
bail, fines, and punishments must not be unreasonable.
The Ninth Amendment
states that the rights of the American people go beyond those listed in
the Bill of Rights. The listing of rights in the Constitution does not
mean to deny other rights to the people-rights that may not be listed.
Some people claim that this amendment goes even farther than covering such
unlisted rights as the right to privacy and freedom of association. It
has been said that it supports such broad rights as the right to education,
employment, housing, income, and medial care.
Last but not least,
the Tenth Amendment is different from the other amendments in several ways.
First, it speaks about powers rather than rights. A power involves both
a right and the ability. A right is a privilege that belongs to a person.
The tenth Amendment is also the only one that renders to the Federal Government,
the states, and the citizens. In reserve to the states, or to the people
themselves, any powers neither delegated to the Federal Government nor
specifically prohibited to the states by the Constitution.