The Inauguration of
Topic: the Inauguration of the 44th President of the United States, Barack H. Obama II
Objectives: The students will:
1. describe the symbolic and political significance of the ceremony of the inauguration of the President of the United States.
2. identify the elements of the US Government that are involved in the inauguration ceremony.
3. show how the inauguration is the culmination of the democratic process of electing a president.
Opening Activity (Warm-Up): The Inauguration and the Constitution
A. Have students locate the Presidential oath of Office in
Article II Section 1 of the US Constitution. For quick reference:
"I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully execute the office of President of the United States, and will to the best of my ability, preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the United States."
B. Choose a student to act as the president and one to act as the chief justice of the US Supreme Court. Have them do a brief "act-it-out" showing how the Oath is administered.
C. Have students watch the president take the oath on video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tQhWtRW-KKA
Also available at Kids and Technology.
Discuss the meaning of the words of the oath given the historical circumstances
for each of the presidential inaugurations since 1933.
The video used here includes the first inaugurals for FDR, Truman, Eisenhower, JFK, LBJ, Nixon, Ford, carter Reagan, George H.W. Bush, Clinton, and George W. Bush. Discuss the importance of the oath given the times: The Great Depression, WW2 and The Cold War, the assassination of JFK, the coming of the Watergate scandal, the end of the Cold War, the Clinton scandal, the 9/11 terrorist attacks, and the promise and challenges facing of the Obama administration.
Main Activity: The Inauguration of Barack Obama
A. Working in groups, have students review some of the more
memorable inaugural addresses given at past inaugurals. These may include:
Washington's first: http://www.bartleby.com/124/pres13.html
Jefferson's first: http://www.bartleby.com/124/pres16.html
Lincoln's second: http://www.bartleby.com/124/pres32.html
FDR's first: http://www.bartleby.com/124/pres49.html
JFK's first: http://www.bartleby.com/124/pres56.html
Reagan's first: http://www.bartleby.com/124/pres61.html
Clinton's first: http://www.bartleby.com/124/pres64.html
George W. Bush's second: http://www.bartleby.com/124/pres67.html
B. Have each group identify the major goals of the presidential administration as outlined in the speech. Have students choose one or two memorable phrases that capture the spirit of the times and of the president giving the speech. Have students assess whether the goals were realistic and in hindsight, to what degree the goals were met by the presidential administration.
C. Have students write their own inaugural speech for Barack Obama. Have students address the following topics in their speech:
The state of the US economy as Obama enters office.
The relationship of the US to the nations around the world and the UN.
The hope represented by the election of the first African-American president.
The goals of the United States government for the next four to eight years.
D. Once it has been made available, have students examine Obama's inaugural address. Compare the Obama address with others that have come before it. Discussion questions or or writing prompts may include:
What makes Obama's speech stand out?
How is it similar to previous inaugural addresses?
Did the speech offer solutions or was it more a general overview of the Obama administration's goals?
What problems or groups were addressed in the speech?
How did President Obama relate his inauguration day to the fact that it followed Martin Luther King, Jr. Day by one day?
How do you think the American people and historians will review the speech when compared to those of previous presidents?
E. Print and distribute the video worksheet on the inauguration of Barack Obama. use the worksheet to structure the viewing of the inaugural ceremonies. This worksheet can be used with homemade tapes of the inauguration or with digital replays from C-SPAN or that will be commercially issued in the near future.
Wrap-up Activity: The Media Reaction
A. Have students review newspaper (http://www.washingtonpost.com), TV (http://www.msnbc.com, http://www.foxnews.com), and Internet coverage (http://c-span.org) of the inaugural ceremonies and the inaugural address.
B. Have students determine which media outlets were positive in their outlook or negative.
C. Have students use media coverage to explain why they believe the inauguration of Barack Obama is an import event in US history.
D. Coming up: Have students develop their own quiz on the inauguration of Barack Obama. Allow students to give their quizzes to fellow classmates to see what they learned and how closely they followed the events of the inauguration.
Assessment: The lesson will be assessed by
1. The quality of student responses in writing and discussion activities.
2. Scores on future tests and quizzes.
|To Inaugural Essay
|To the Inauguration Quiz
|To The Inauguration Lesson Plan
|Visit the 53rd Inauguration Through the Eyes of an Average American
|To Election Central 2008
Visit our sponsor
for Social Studies Materials