America In the Early 19th Century

Topic: Missouri Compromise

Table of Contents
Vocabulary Terms and Identifications
Important Maps
Biographies of Key Historical Figures


Overview: In 1793, Eli Whitney invented the cotton gin which increased the need for cotton. The South increased its cotton production by way of the slaves that it held within its territory.  When Missouri applied for statehood as a slave state the balance of power would be upset. The Northern states would not allow themselves to be outnumbered in the US Senate, where each state has an equal vote of two senators. The Missouri compromise let Missouri into the Union as a slave state. Maine was separated from Massachusetts and admitted into the Union as a free state. The compromise bill, also called the Omnibus Bill, passed in 1820. The compromise also drew a line across the Louisiana Purchase at 36 degrees latitude and 30 minutes parallel line. North of that line slavery was  banned. That left 12 free states and 12 slave states. To keep the balance in the senate, congress could not ban or prohibit the spread of slavery. 

Vocabulary and Identifications

1) Henry Clay: Guided Congress through the compromise as Speaker of the House.

2) John Adams: He opposed the compromise because he did  not believe the constitution gave the congress that power.

3) Resent: The south resented the new ban on slavery

4) Conflict: After the compromise passed the conflict on slavery was over for that time.

5) Sectionalism: Devotion to the interest of one's own section rather than the nation as a whole.

Important Maps

The Misouri Compromise animation

Biographies of Important People

 Henry Clay lived from 1777 to 1852.  In that time period he contributed greatly to American politics.  Especially when he wrote and proposed the Missouri Compromise.  He also guided  Congress through passage of the compromise.  Another way he helped the nation is by prohibiting slavery north of the 36 degrees 30 parallel line as part of the Missouri Compromise.  He settled a dispute between the North and South over expansion of slavery, at least for a while. Then came the Civil War in spite of his efforts. 


Missouri Compromise

 Directions: Circle the correct answer.

 1. In what year was the Missouri Compromise passed?

  A. 1812
  B. 1820
  C. 1902
  D. 1830

 2. What degrees did the  Missouri Compromise ban slaves?

  A. 36 degrees 30 parallel line
  B. 30 degrees 36 parallel line
  C. 46 degrees 40 parallel line
  D. 40 degrees 40 parallel line

 3. What year was Missouri  for admission into the  Union?

  A. 1817
  B. 1818
  C. 1816
  D. 1819

  Directions: Circle the correct answer.

  1. What does resent in the Missouri Compromise mean.......

   A. The south disliked the new ban on slavery
   B. The south liked the new ban on slavery
   C. The north disliked the new ban on slavery
   D. The north liked the new ban on slavery

  2. What does conflict in the Missouri Compromise mean......

   A. North had problems with the North
   B. North had problems with the West
   C. North had problems with the South
   D. North had problems with the East

  Directions: Put the correct letter to the right number.

   1. 1820                                   A. 36 degrees 30 parallel line
 2. Latitudes for it                      B. Banned
 3. Slavery                                  C. Missouri Compromise
 4. Cotton gin                              D. Brought up compromise
 5. Henry Clay                              E.  Separate cotton from the seeds




        For Multiple Choice

    1. B
    2. A
    3. B

  For Vocabulary

   1. C
   2. C

       For Matching

   1. C
   2. A
   3. B
   4. E
   5. D


Missouri Compromise
World book, 98
author, William Foley

Henry Clay
World book
Daniel Walk Clayer  Howe

Missouri Compromise
Why We remember
Herman Viola

This page is part of a web project developed by Mr. Cassutto's 7th grade US History class at Sterling Middle School

Student authors:

 By: Patrick M.
      Samuel E.
      Brian P.

Check OutTo Project Main Page