Topic: Political Parties
|Table of Contents|
Vocabulary Terms and Identifications
Biographies of Key Historical Figures
Parties are basically organizations that mobilizes voters on behalf of
a common set of interests, concerns, and goals. In many countries
political parties can play a crucial part in their democratic processes.
A political party formulates political and policy agendas as well as selects
candidates, and conduct election campaigns, and furthermore, they manage
the work of their elected representatives. Political parties
also link citizens and the government, while they provide the means by
which people can have a voice in their government.
Vocabulary and Identifications
1) Federalist- supporters of ratification of the Federal constitution. They became the first political party under the leadership of Alexander Hamilton, who favored a strong national government.
2) Inauguration official- ceremony which a person assumes or takes over a government office.
3) Majority - the candidate or ballot measure receives at least half plus one of the total vote cast.
4) third party -any political party other than two major parties.
a committee established by and representing a corporation labor union or
special interest group that raises money and gives comparing contributions.
Important Chart: The Rise
of Political Parties
|Social Make- Up|
New England and Mid-Atlantic Coast
|Artists, shopkeepers, settlers, and southern plantation owners, small farm owners in the south and from western regions of the nation.|
|Attitude Toward Government|
|Wanted to imitate
(rule by the rich) but without a king.
Saw the common people as unable
Willing to censor the press for political power.
democracy than in the
Common people were able to govern themselves.
greater involvement by the people
through lower voting qualification.
Reduce government interference
Favored freedom of speech & press.
|View on the Constitution|
|Held "loose constructionist" view that the Federal government had implied powers not listed in the Constitution.||Held ''strict''
view of the constitution:
limit the powers of the central
government and support states rights.
|Foreign Policy Positions|
|Favored Britain in culture and trade.||Distrusted Britain
& wanted closer
relations with France, which had
just been through a democratic
of Important People
Hamilton was born in 1775. During his childhood was not afforded much opportunity formal education but through the tutoring of his step-mother he learned a great knowledge of the french language and history. Hamilton attended King's College where he attained a BA degree in one year. At age 25, Hamilton began his political career for which he is most remembered for. Hamilton served from 1782 to 1783 in congress and was elected to continental congress. In 1787 Hamilton was one of the authors of The Federalist, a commentary on American constitutional law an principles of government. Hamilton became one of two famous leaders in the Political Parties. Hamilton died in 1804.
Jefferson was born in 1743 in Albemarle County VA. He studied at the college of William and Mary, where he later read law. Jefferson was a great correspondent but not a very good public speaker. In both the the Continual Congress and the House of Burgesses he contributed thorough his writing rather than through public speeches. Jefferson drafted the Declaration of Independence at age 33. A few years later he wrote a Bill the established religious freedom. In 1796 he became vice president and eventually president. Then he retired to his home in. On July 4, 1826 he died.
year was Thomas Jefferson born in?
a) 1743 b) 1734c) 1473d) 1347
old was Jefferson when he drafted the Declaration of Independence?
a) 36 b) 35 c) 34 d) 33
year did Jefferson die?
a) 1284 b) 1825 c) 1826 d) 1895
what year did Hamilton born in?
a) 1758 b) 1755 c) 1775 d) 1756
year did Hamilton die in?
a) 1804 b) 1859 c) 1865 d) 1582
Our resources are: Poltical parties, Grolier's
The World Book Multimedia Encyclopedia.
Project Main Page
This page is part of a web project developed by Mr. Cassutto's 7th grade US History class.
Katie, Ashley, Omar, Elizabeth