|Table of Contents|
Vocabulary Terms and Identifications
Biographies of Key Historical Figures
Overview: Texas used to be its own country.
Stephen Austin settled it and Samuel Houston was the president. He settled it after ďThe
War for Texas Independence.Ē This event came after Mexico got its independence in 1821. More than 19,000 people came and settled in Texas by
1821, many of whom brought slaves. The existence of these slaves were against Mexican
Law. Texans objected to the ban on slavery and revolted. In 1835, after Antonio Santa Ann took
power, he attacked the Alamo bringing with him 5,000 troops. Texas only had 200 troops. All of them
died, including Davy Crockett, Jim Bowie and William Travis. Texas declared its independence
after this battle. Mexico was forced to give Texas its independence after the battle of San
Jacinto. Since the slave states wanted to add more slave states to the Union,
they favored annexation of Texas by the US. The North opposed it because they didnít want slave
states. Jackson exchanged diplomats with Texas because he recognized them. When Britain also did
this, Van Buren didnít want to because favored the Democratic Party and did not want it
split. Tylerís secretary of state, J.C. Calhoun, was for annexation, although the
Senate wouldnít ratify the Treaty Of Annexation in 1844. Texas was later admitted into the
Union by Tyler when he signed a joint resolution in 1846.The Mexican War took place from
1845 to 1848. In this war, Mexico would not accept annexation of Texas by the
US. They said that Texas-Mexican border was not Rio Grande, but instead the Nueces
River. The Mexicans also attacked the Rio Grande when Zachary Taylor had taken his
position south of the Nueces. Congress had declared war 2 days too late. Taylor then went with his troops into Mexico
by 1847. Fremont and Kearny did the same but into California. Taylor then won a battle at Buena Vista in the February of 1847. Winfield Scott also went to Mexico City with his troops that same year, but 7 months later, in September.
Vocabulary and Identifications
1) annexation*to take control of a territory and add it to a country.
2) Rio Grande*the fifth longest North American river, forms the Southwest boundary of Texas.
3) Alamo* a military fort
4) Davy Crockett*am American frontiersman who became a legendary figure of rather fantastic dimensions and was born a pioneer cabin in eastern Tennessee on August 17, 1786.
5) Jim Bowie*
a famous hero who died at the Alamo for independence from Mexico.
Texas Revolution: 1836
Biographies of Important People
Zachary Taylor was born in 1784 in Orange
County, Virginia. He was later taken to Kentucky to live the rest of his
childhood. In 1808 he was an infantry officer when he joined the regular
army. William Henry Harrison led him in the War of 1812. He then served
in the Black Hawk and Second Seminole was in 1838 and won against the Seminoleís
in the Battle of Lake Okeechobee, which gave him the promotion to brigadier
Zachary Taylor then became ill, and ending his life July 9th, 1850. His mysterious death made him the second president to die in office. Some historians believed that he had been poisoned rather than becoming ill from food poising as was first believed. During his life he attended the Northwest Indian campaigns, 2nd Seminole War, and the War of 1812. He was president from 1849 to 1850, and he got married to Margaret Mackall Smith. He was the 12th president and had the nickname of "Old Rough-and-Ready!"
Insert your questions here.
1. Which number President was Zachary Taylor?
2. Who was elected the president of Texas when it became its own country?
a. William Henry Harrison
b. Stephan Houston
c. Zachary Taylor
d. Jefferson Davis
3. Where did Davy Crockett and James Bowie die?
a. Black Hawk
b. Second Seminole War
c. War of 1812
d. The Alamo
4. Which states favored the Annexation?
a. Northern States
b. Slave States
5. Who was President Tyler's secretary of state?
a. John C. Calhoun
b. James Bowie
c. Davy Crockett
d. None of the Above
6. Who did Texas get its freedom from in 1836?
a. New Mexico
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